English is a West Germanic language, which developed in what is now England. It is the third most widespread native language in the world. In many countries it is an official language (India, Canada, South Africa).
English is used as a means of communication between people from various countries who cannot understand one another, and English is used as an international means of communication.
Therefore, many versions of English have developed – as a result of it being mixed with the language of the given country.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – English
German is a West Germanic language.
This language is spoken by approximately 190 million people all over the world. With around 100 million native speakers, it is the second most widespread language in Europe after Russian.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – German
Italian is a Romance language spoken by an estimated 126 million people. Italian has several times been voted by the American CNN as the most beautiful language in the word.
Italian is the official language in Italy, San Marino and the Swiss cantons of Ticino and Grigioni. After Latin, it is also the second official language in the Vatican and in certain parts of Slovenia and Croatia, which are home to Italian minorities.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – Italian
French (also formerly known as Frankish) is a Romance language, spoken primarily in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada and in many countries in Africa.
A large proportion of international words come from French – up to 70 % of words in modern English have their origin in French (and, through French, in Latin). French is an international diplomatic language, the communication language of the EU, NATO, UN and other similar organisations, although it is now gradually being superseded by English.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – French
Spanish (or Castilian) is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. It is classed as a Romance language. Spanish is the official language in Spain, in most of the countries of South and Central America and Equatorial Guinea, and is also very widespread in the United States, the Philippines, and many other countries around the world. The number of native speakers is around 400 million.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – Spanish
As a western Romance language, Portuguese is part of the Iberian Romance branch, along with Spanish, Catalan and Galician. Portuguese spread throughout the world during the 15th and 16th centuries, when Portugal created its colonial empire.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – Portuguese
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 24 million people all over the world. It is sometimes incorrectly referred to simply as Dutch, although this also includes the dialects of the provinces of North and South Holland. “Flemish” is the term for the Dutch language spoken in Flanders.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – Dutch
Polish is a West Slavic language.
It is part of the Indo-European family of languages. In the 10th century Czech and Polish were essentially one language, then they started to differ, although in the 14th century the Czechs and Poles understood one another easily. Many ecclesiastical words are also similar to Czech because the Poles adopted Christianity from the Czechs.
It is estimated that Polish is the native language for around 44 million people. Polish is spoken not only in Poland but also in neighbouring countries with a Polish minority – in Bohemia (Těšínsko), Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania.
TRANSLATIONS TO AND FROM – Polish